Monday, July 14, 2008
News of Yore 1913: Berryman, Hamilton Profiled
Leading Cartoonists of America - Clifford K. Berryman, of the Washington Star; Grant E. Hamilton, of Leslie's Weekly
By Robert E. Heinl (E&P 7/5/13)
William McKinley paid Clifford K. Berryman, the Washington Star cartoonist, his highest compliment. "Your pictures," the lamented President said to him, "never bring a blush nor leave a stain."
Berryman got his start in a way not unusual for those who have made a name at drawing. When a small boy he sketched a picture of his teacher, representing him as Old Father Time. Then he cautioned the other little boys not to tell the teacher who had made the drawings on the blackboard. When the veteran teacher returned, he took one look at the chalk outlines, and the next minute he was warming the seat of Young Berryman's pants. It was a marked but painful recognition.
While still a lad Berryman made a rough sketch of the then Senator Joe C. S. Blackburn, who hailed from Berryman's home town in Kentucky. The work was executed on the back of a cigar-box lid. Then the boy cut out the figure with a scroll saw. He put a piece of leather behind the likeness, so that it could be made to stand up for a desk ornament. One day Senator Blackburn noticed the little ornament in Berryman's uncle's office.
"Who did that?" the Senator inquired.
"My brother Jim's boy," was the reply.
"Well, sir," was Blackburn's reply, "I used to go to school with Jim. He could draw better than any boy in the class, but never had an opportunity to develop his talent. I am going to take this boy to Washington and give him a chance."
Senator Blackburn was as good as his word. He secured a job in the drafting division of the Patent Office for the promising youth. Berryman went to work harder than ever. He reached his stride and became the leading cartoonist of the Washington Post. Afterward he accepted an attractive offer made to him by the Washington Star, a position he has held nearly seven years.
Berryman's chief fame came to him when he originated the "Teddy Bear." It was at the time of President Roosevelt's first bear hunt in Mississippi. Colonel Roosevelt had been informed that there was great sport to be had in that vicinity. In the face of this he had gone eight days without a sign of anything worth shooting at, to say nothing of bear.
The natives made frantic efforts to chase something up. One evening a guide rushed into camp breathless to announce big game a short distance away. President Roosevelt grabbed his gun and scrambled up the road with the rest of the crowd as fast as he could go. To his amazement he encountered a great, bulky negro leading a tiny cub bear. The negro was dragging it along with a huge rope. He was about to release the little animal, so that the President might have at least one shot at a bear, when T. R. raised his hand in protest.
"If I had shot that bear," he remarked afterward, "I could never have looked my boys in the eye again."
Berryman depicted the releasing of the diminutive bear, and captioned it "Drawing the Line in Mississippi." The original of that drawing is highly prized and now hangs in the National Press Club in Washington. It is a picture of the first "Teddy Bear."
Nobody was more pleased with the creation than Colonel Roosevelt. He dedicated a photograph to the artist with the inscription: "To the creator of the Teddy Bear who always has a call on the Roosevelt family." Like his distinguished predecessor, President Roosevelt took occasion to notice Berryman's work in fitting terms.
"You have the great cleverness combined with entire freedom from malice," was Mr. Roosevelt's written sentiment. "Good citizens are your debtors."
GRANT E. HAMILTON'S CAREER
Fecundity and his work in developing artists to the point of popularity are characteristics for which the art world is indebted to Grant E. Hamilton, aside from his own rare attributes as an artist. Many pictures in Judge are drawn after ideas Hamilton has developed. His work as art director of Judge and as supervisor of the art work on Leslie's, and of organizing ideas for other artists to work from, has taken him lately somewhat from actual work on pictures, although he is more able and versatile to-day than ever before. Hamilton is a many-sided man, a prince to work with and, although still devoted to his art work, an enthusiastic farmer. Two or three days a week Hamilton spends with his family on his farm near Alstead, N. H., where he has livestock of the best breeds, and where, when the notion takes him in season, he can hunt game in his own forest.
Hamilton is a prodigious worker. He has been the life and soul of Judge. He once told John A. Sleicher, the present owner of the publication, that in the old days of Judge there were times when he drew all the colored cartoons, including the first page, and the back page, and the double page, and all the black sketches in more than one issue. In addition to this he wrote paragraphs and stories. In other words, in those days he was all that was visible of the entire working force of the paper.
Hamilton was about nineteen or twenty years old, a good-natured, smooth-faced boy, when he first came to New York from Youngstown, O. He was the son of a furnaceman, and himself had entered that business, but was determined to become an artist. He called upon Mr. Goodsell, the proprietor of the Daily Graphic, in which his earlier artistic work had been published, and said he had come on to take a place that had been promised him. The publisher looked him over for a moment, and then said: "I do not want you. I want a man, not a boy."
Hamilton's heart failed within him, but his pluck did not desert him. He said: "You have sent for me, and I have come on at your invitation. This is not any way to treat me. I am in the city, with little money. You sent for me, and I have come here."
Mr. Goodsell hesitated a few minutes and said: "Well, you can report to the head of the art department, and see what he can do for you, but I can't pay you more than five dollars a week." "It is all right," replied Hamilton. "With me the money does not matter, so much as getting a place. All I want is to get a hold where I can show you what I can do, if you will give me a chance."
So Hamilton went to the head of the art department who put him at work, He was with the Graphic but a short time when he was receiving fifty dollars a week. He was a tireless, energetic, brainy worker, indefatigable and industrious to a marvelous degree. After a time Hamilton was invited to become a cartoonist on Judge, which had been leading a precarious existence, but which, in the hands of W. J. Arkell, was becoming well known and prosperous.
Hamilton was anxious to learn the art of lithographic work and of colored cartooning, and foresaw that in time a great field would develop for the colored cartoon periodical. He, therefore, jumped at an offer, even at a sacrifice in salary, which to him at that time was of large moment. Subsequently in his association with Bernard Gillam, the famous cartoonist, Hamilton was taught colored work, and he was an apt pupil and finally became a master of the art. His colored work in after years was stated by Mr. Gillam himself to be the most perfect done by any artist in the country.
When Mr. Gillam invited Hamilton to remain on Judge, and act as his chief assistant, Hamilton realized the jealousy of feeling that naturally exists among competitive artists. "I fear that you will not be able to get along with me," he said. "Never mind that," replied Gillam, "all I ask is that you do your work, and we will get along well together." He urged Hamilton to accept the place, and the latter reluctantly consented, insisting to the last that the association could not be congenial and that it would not last longer than ten days or two weeks.
The fact is that in the ten years' intimate connection of the two men, up to the time of Gillam's death, there was never occasion when the slightest coolness existed between them, never a word of censure was heard from the lips of Gillam, never anything but praise from the lips of Hamilton. It was a beautiful association, and brought the two artists into such intimate relationship that each seemed to supplement the best there was in the other. Hamilton became the successor of his beloved partner on Judge after Gillam's death. The same comradeship exists after years of association between Mr. Sleicher and Hamilton. The two friends are inseparable.
Hamilton's extreme modesty as an artist has kept from him much credit that is his due. He is not one who loves to see his name exploited, and his reticence as to his own work is proverbial. He stands to-day the dean of American cartoonists, while his work and judgment as to contemporary magazine art are shown in the great popularity of Judge on its modern lines as a humorous and satirical journal.
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