Saturday, February 10, 2018


Herriman Saturday

June 14 1909 -- The newly formed Vernon team splits a Sunday morning-afternoon double-header with the Angels. In the accompanying editorial, much is made of the fact that the fans were more vocal in rooting for the Vernon underdogs than the home team. Tsk tsk,


The Vernon team had both quite an origin story and quite a history:
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Friday, February 09, 2018


Wish You Were Here, from Fred Opper

Here's a 1904 Fred Opper postcard sporting an iconic image of Happy Hooligan. The reverse offers no publisher's information, so it would seem reasonable to assume that this was a freebie included with the Sunday Hearst papers. However, I'm used to those being on really cheap pulpy paper, and this one is on good quality postcard stock. So ...?


That's a beauty! Great colour! Speaking as a devoted Opper fa, of course . . .
It isn't one of the Hearst supplement cards, it might be published by Kaufman & Strauss, in New York.
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Thursday, February 08, 2018


King News by Moses Koenigsberg: Chapter 17 Part 1

 King News by Moses Koenigsberg

Published by F.A. Stokes Company, 1941

Chapter 17

The Sick Cat Chases the Mammoth (part 1)

link to previous installment   link to next installment

The jealousy with which W. R. Hearst guarded the making and handling of his features was explained by his immense confidence in their power. It was that faith which produced for me the opportunity to write the title of an important chapter in journalistic history. It put me in position to defeat an international cabal striving to establish a monopoly in news. A telegram from Hearst to Bradford Merrill was a prelude to this exciting sequence of events. Dated at Los Angeles, April 1, 1919, its purport was telephoned to me by Merrill, as follows: “General management of International [News Service] should be immediately turned over to Koenigsberg. This will enable International to be introduced by means of Koenigsberg’s features. Moreover, profits of Koenigsberg’s syndicate can maintain International until self-supporting. Universal, too, should be under general direction of Koenigsberg.”

The reference to “Universal” identified a corporation formed on June 17, 1918, as Universal Service, Inc. to furnish supplementary or special stories gathered at world centers for morning papers. The message had left a deep impression on Merrill. It meant a sweeping change in central functions of the Hearst organization. Merrill was prepared to give the assurance that he expected me to demand. The news services would have the same independence of management as the syndicates. My authority would be subordinate only to the owner himself. Hearst confirmed this understanding to me personally at a meeting the next week.

To muster in support of International News Service all the syndicate resources available, I added several corporate units. The time came when the list of corporations which recorded me as president and general manager was long enough to tickle a stock promoter’s fancy. But each of these eight companies fitted into a coherent operation: King Features Syndicate, Newspaper Feature Service, International Feature Service, Premier Syndicate (specializing in elements distributed on a commission basis), Star Adcraft Service (translating news illustrations into business promotion projects), International News Service, Universal Service and Cosmopolitan News Service (paralleling in the afternoon field the budget of telegraphic matter supplied by Universal Service to morning editions).

International News Service was in dire need of all the assistance that could be squeezed out of its pretentious roster of affiliates. It was one of the sickest cats that ever clung to the door-posts of metropolitan journalism. Deprived of cable facilities in 1916 by both the British and the French governments in rebuke for its methods, it had not divested itself of the stigma of propagandism with which it had been assiduously smeared by critics of Hearst. In the twelve months ending June 30, 1919, its deficit was calculated as $388,934.40. In the next eight years, its clients increased from less than 300 to 591. Its annual income meanwhile rose from $694,230.69 to $2,054,601.59. Its books showed several profit-paying years.

The accomplishment reflected in these figures lacks meaning without an understanding of the desperate plight to which International News Service had sunk. The lowliness of its estate was indicated by the distrust it excited among those who should have been most anxious for its welfare. Editors of Hearst papers, compelled to rely on it exclusively for general news, used its dispatches with proverbial fear and trembling. It became a by-word in the organization. It was called “reliably unreliable.” Not only did its institutional facade bear the bar sinister etched by the British and French governments, but it stood unacquitted of charges of piracy tried in United States courts.

Only two years before the management of International News Service was entrusted to me, it had been laid under an historic injunction. On complaint of the Associated Press, it was enjoined by the United States District Court of the Southern District of New York from “bribing employees of newspapers published by complainant’s members to furnish Associated Press news to defendant before publication.” It was also prohibited from “inducing Associated Press members to violate its by-laws and permit defendant to obtain news before publication.” The suit was appealed.
Melville Stone

That litigation was the climax of Melville E. Stone’s quarter of a century campaign to establish the claim that news might he held as private property. The sanctimonious passion with which the “grand old man” of the Associated Press clothed this so-called crusade, won the collaboration of a tremendously powerful circle. Such adversaries as Charles Anderson Dana and H. H. Kohlsaat, who came forward from time to time to contest his purpose, were weighted with the impedimenta of selfish interest. They fought just long enough to safeguard their individual assets.

No champion in shining armor ever led an array of ethical forces in front-line attack against the movement to create the basis for a news monopoly. Opposition to Stone, pathetic in its feebleness, did come from obscure workers anxious to shield a vital principle of human liberty. In this might be counted my own quixotic gesture of enlistment in the Laffan News Bureau of the New York Sun in 1897.

It is reasonable to assume that Stone suffered one of the worst shocks of his highly active life when the Supreme Court of the United States tarred the Associated Press with the same stick that was applied to International News Service. Both were placed under a reciprocal injunction. Each was enjoined from appropriating the news of the other. This decree was rendered May 19, 1919, six weeks before International News Service came under my-management. It did not absolve International News Service of culpability. It did imply that the Associated Press—that exalted assemblage of prestige and piety—might stoop to the same depraved practices of which it had accused the Hearst group.

But an adjudicated parity in potential impropriety did not embrace parity in business prospects. Membership in the Associated Press was the most highly prized privilege in newspaperdom, even if there were some stains on its background. There were critics harsh enough to describe it as born in perfidy and reared in subterfuge. The natal slur had reference to the machinations and betrayals through which the Western Associated Press deserted en masse from the Associated Press of New York in 1893 and entered a new corporate phase as the Associated Press of Illinois, progenitor of the present body.

The suggestion of trickery concerns the flight in 1900 of the Associated Press of Illinois from the State of Illinois to escape the application of a judicial mandate. That ruling required the organization to deliver its service to any newspaper tendering payment therefor. The escape was to New York. There a law existed under which a non-profit-making corporation could own property and yet function as a social unit. Thus, it was free to exclude any unsatisfactory member. The statute had been enacted at the behest of a coterie of sportsmen. It was framed to authorize corporate ownership of shooting and angling preserves. So the Associated Press obtained a charter on the same footing as a fish and game club.

Contemplating the taints on a competitor’s record neither gained additional subscribers nor strengthened the satisfaction of the current clientele. And there were some stains that International News Service must erase from its own escutcheon before pointing elsewhere. Hearst realized this. He cheerfully approved my plans for reorganization. Foremost was the need for a thorough house-cleaning. Next must come a different window-dressing. Convincing proof must be furnished that a changed management was eliminating whatever bias may have tinctured the service in the past.

Hearst expressed particular pleasure over the slogan I proposed to adopt. It was an amplification of a legend that had been in use. To the line, “Get it first,” I added, "But First Get It Right!’ That was the keynote of the policy Hearst sanctioned. “How can we expect the editors of our papers to comment intelligently on the actual news,” he asked me, “if the news we supply to them is false?” There was no naivete in that question. It had a double purpose. Primarily, it was a disclaimer of direct responsibility for the past. Secondarily, it was a sanction of the altered course.

It should be noted that Hearst never revised this instruction to me. The closest semblance to friction with him concerning International News Service arose over some dispatches from Mexico. Hearst’s vast holdings in that country afforded him sources of intelligence inaccessible to the ordinary newspaper correspondent. Moreover, Hearst cited a complaint from E. H. Clark, his general financial counsel, who specialized in Mexican affairs. A similar criticism some time later evoked a corrective program. I proposed to dismiss the offending correspondent and to replace him in each case with any of three seasoned journalists whom E. H. Clark would select from a list I would submit. Hearst was pleased with this arrangement.

That method of handling the International News Service personnel in Mexico was in effect in 1927 when the Hearst newspapers committed the historic fiasco of publishing a series of documents alleged to have been abstracted from the official archives of Mexico. It will be recalled that one of these writings mentioned a $500,000 bribe to a United States Senator. Another gave details of a conspiracy to foment a Central American revolution inimical to the United States. Still another outlined a plot to colonize Mexico with hordes of Japanese in preparation for possible invasion of this country. The investigating committee of the United States Senate, which finally declared the letters spurious, left untouched several phases of this extraordinary miscarriage of journalism. One, germane to my management of International News Service, is set down here.

Hearst had instructed three of his lieutenants to assure the fullest publicity for these “sensational disclosures.” The trio were Victor H. Polachek, for many years one of Hearst’s chief editorial functionaries and at the time the director of Sunday circulation for all the Hearst Sunday newspapers; Edmond D. Coblentz, managing editor of the New York American; and Victor Watson, executive editor of the New York American. Polachek, Coblentz and Watson urged me to take over the promotion and distribution of “this historic revelation.” I declined.

Not one word of the fantastic fake was transmitted over the wires of International News Service. No mention of the forged documents was made in any of its reports during my administration of the Service. Hearst never communicated with me about them. He suffered the penalty of an excessive faith in what he wanted to believe.

The first step in dissipating the propagandist atmosphere that hovered over International News Service was the employment of a chief of staff who could be held forth in promise of the new order—whose reputation offered a distinctly non-Hearst flavor. I appointed Marlen E. Pew editorial manager. Prominently identified for a while with the United Press, he had later served as editor of the Boston Traveler and of the Philadelphia News Post.

Pew was fanatic in his repugnance for secret influences. That quality made him especially valuable in the regeneration of International News Service. Unfortunately, at the end of three years, he found himself at loggerheads with his chief assistant, Earl Barry Faffs. They had been on the most intimate terms—a Damon and Pythias relationship. Pew demanded Faffs’ resignation. Faris was the wheel-horse of the news service. It would have been folly to let him go. Pew went instead. Afterward, he became the head of Editor & Publisher. George G. Shor, with a highly creditable journalistic record, replaced Pew as managing editor. In 1927, Faris became general news manager and in 1932, the editor. Evidently, no mistake was made in the choice that Pew forced upon me.

The rapid progress of International News Service led to an embroilment with the Associated Press of major consequences. The strife began with a letter I addressed to Melville E. Stone. It attacked what he esteemed sacrosanct—a claim for which he contended above all others—the exclusive ownership of news assembled by members of the Associated Press. Before the quarrel subsided, it wrought revolutionary changes in that august organization.

My communication was dated March 5, 1925. It called Stone’s attention to a story published on January 5th in the Associated Press newspaper in Lakeland, Fla., duplicating, almost word for word, an exclusive International News Service item which appeared the same day in the other Lakeland daily. The dispatch told of a criminal assault on two women in Jacksonville. It bore the dateline of that city.

This was a perfect predicate for the charge that the permanent injunction of the United States Supreme Court had been violated. Stone's answer was indulgently patronizing. It was an exposition of the sophistry on which the Associated Press position was based.

Stone did not deny that the Associated Press had made use of International News Service news. On the contrary, he asserted that the action had been fully warranted. The story had been “furnished” by the Jacksonville Journal. That newspaper was both a member of the Associated Press and a client of International News Service. Stone cited this notice regularly published by the Jacksonville Journal and by all other Associated Press papers: “The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches accredited to it or not otherwise accredited in this paper and also the local news published herein.” The Jacksonville Journal failed to label the story in question. Hence, according to Melville E. Stone, this piece of intelligence became the property of the Associated Press.

The issues raised in my response have never been met. The annoyance and apprehension they aroused in the Associated Press directorate were indicated by the bitterness of the onslaught that followed against Hearst.

My reply, dated March 23, 1925, contended that the absence of a label did not alter the facts of a story’s origin and that the Associated Press could not gain rightful proprietorship of a competitor’s news through any incorrect or misleading notice published by its members. The great care taken by International News Service to investigate the source of each report it used was contrasted with the Associated Press pronouncement which authorized the taking of matter with no further inquiry than a glance for credit lines.

On the part of International News Service we found faithful observance of the United States Supreme Court injunction against the appropriation of a rival’s news. On the part of the Associated Press we observed a policy capable of interpretation as constant incitement to violate that writ.

These premises formed the basis for even more serious representations. Under the theory stated by Stone, it was pointed out, International News Service would suffer deprivation not through any fault or omission of its own but by reason of the remissness, neglect or deliberate design of members of the Associated Press. Finally, the requirement for publication of the notice purporting to vest in the association the ownership of news appearing in the papers of its members made it possible for them to print the dispatches of other services without credit so that the Associated Press could lift and use those dispatches on the theory that it was entitled to do so.***

The first rumbling of the Associated Press storm that was to break upon Hearst came with word that his newspaper, the San Antonio Light, was to be deprived of its protest right. The San Antonio News was to be voted a membership. This was more than a slap in the face. It was a discrimination against a franchise-holder too violent to be other than a punitive measure. The situation was aggravated by notice that similar action was pending in Rochester, N. Y. There, also, the Hearst unit was to lose the exclusiveness of its service. Dismay seized Hearst’s advisers. This was a fight imperiling many millions of dollars represented in Hearst’s fifteen franchises—the largest number held by any member of the Associated Press.

This troublesome problem had prompted me several months before to advise a radical departure. My plan was to remove the bone of contention between Hearst and the Associated Press without real sacrifice to either side. A review of the central facts is necessary to envision the idea. When Hearst successively launched the New York Journal, the Chicago American and the Boston American, no adequate service of general news was obtainable for them from organized agencies. They were debarred from the Associated Press by the protest rights of existent members. A number of years were to pass before the United Press, under the vigorous management of Roy W. Howard, reached metropolitan stature. International News Service was organized not only to gather news for the Hearst dailies, but also to secure a permanent and inalienable source of supply.

It was possible to assure that objective without direct ownership. Operation by friendly hands could accomplish the desired end. It was my suggestion that Hearst rid himself of his Associated Press embarrassments by relinquishing formal ownership of International News Service to a purchaser on whom he could rely to safeguard his personal and his newspaper interests. I proposed to buy International News Service myself. My proposition was taken up by Hearst’s order at a special session of the executive council, his advisory board. The permanent chairman of that body was S. S. Carvalho, who had rejoined the organization some time before. The meeting began with the reading of a letter from Hearst, under date of May 6, 1926.

It told how Hearst had been startled by my proposition that he sell International News Service to me. He saw no reason to accept my offer. But the peculiar action of the Associated Press convinced him that he should maintain International News Service, if for no other reason than to protect his newspapers. This conclusion also embraced Universal Service. Nevertheless, he felt that the modifications of the present system which I had outlined might be advantageously applied to the organization under his continued ownership.

Hearst’s communication reviewed in detail my project to introduce a regime of mutuality in the relations between the news services and their clients. He accepted my plan for a committee of publishers, or at least for a Board of Control, on which the subscribing newspapers would have a 50-percent representation. He suggested the possibility of issuing stock certificates and bonds of which he would keep 50 or 51 percent. While he admitted that this would not make a wholly cooperative, mutual membership, he argued that “it would be about as good as the Associated Press” and that it would give the clients the feeling that they had something to say in the management of the institution as well as a certain permanence in the possession of their franchises. He completely endorsed the fundamentals of my proposition, but added some elements to assure his proprietary standing.

The executive council had not formulated any judgment on this proposal when the group in control of the Associated Press delivered its main assault on Hearst. It was the adoption by the board of directors of a resolution unparalleled in the annals of the organization. It was a formal declaration of Hearst's unfitness for membership. It was a patent preliminary to expulsion. Under date of October 8, 1926, it read as follows:

Resolved that in the judgment of the Board of Directors the relations of the newspapers owned by William Randolph Hearst represented in membership in the Associated Press with the news services owned by Mr. Hearst, cause an ever-recurring evasion and nullification of the obligations each to the other of members of this mutual organization and must be regarded as highly prejudicial to the interests and welfare of the Associated Press and its members, the prime object of the organization being the mutual cooperation, benefit and protection of its members.


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Wednesday, February 07, 2018


Ink-Slinger Profiles by Alex Jay: Lank Leonard

Lank Leonard was born Francis Edward Leonard in Port Chester, New York, on January 2, 1896. Leonard’s birth name and birth date were on his World War I draft card, and the birthplace was from his New York military service card. In the 1925 New York state census and later federal censuses, Leonard’s first name was Frank; earlier censuses had Francis.

In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Leonard was the only child of James and Annie. Leonard’s father handled railroad baggage. Also in the household was Leonard’s maternal grandfather, Patrick Smith. They resided in Rye, New York, at 425 Orchard Street.

The 1905 state census recorded the Leonards’ family address as Ridgeview Place in Rye. Leonard’s father was a railroad conductor.

The Leonard family was at 7 Exchange Place, Rye, in the 1910 census. Five years later, in the state census, the address was 3 Ridgeview Place.

Leonard signed his World War I draft card June 5, 1917. He lived at 7 Ridgeview Place, Port Chester, and was a bookkeeper with the RBMB&N Company. His description was tall and slender with blue eyes and brown hair. He claimed an unnamed disability.

Leonard’s New York military record said his service began in Greenwich, Connecticut: 12 Company CAC Connecticut NG (& Long Island Sound NY) to October 24, 1918; Battery B, 30 Artillery CAC to discharge; Corp July 18, 1917; Sergeant, March 14, 1918; 1st Sergeant October 22, 1918; December 14, 1918, honorable discharge. Leonard did not go overseas.

According to the 1920 census, Leonard lived with his parents at 7 Ridgeview Place. Leonard was an assistant manager with a national baseball company.

The Schenectady Gazette (New York), April 14, 1934, published a profile of Leonard.

“Lank” Leonard, sports cartoonist and feature writer, will contribute a daily cartoon and story for the Gazette, beginning on Monday morning. Leonard is known to many Schenectadians, having lived here for more than a year, being employed at the Wilson Western baseball factory. He also tried out for the Schenectady team of the New York State Basketball League and played a few games with the Cohoes and Utica quintets in the same league.

“Lank” (christened Frank) was born in Port Chester. N. Y., in 1896. He grew up in the town where he was born and as one of his friends once coyly remarked: “Grew up—and how!” Six feet, 2 inches tall when he entered high school, and built along the lines of Bob Fitzsimmons, freckles included—it is rather easy to understand how his “Frank” was changed to “Lank.”

It was in high school that Lank’s talent for drawing first became apparent. The faculty, however, did not particularly enthuse over his brand of humor, or the likenesses he made of them on his textbooks. Consequently he received so little encouragement that he finally decided to abandon the thought of becoming a Rembrandt or a Michelangelo—for the time being at least.

Came the war! “Lank” enlisted. When he had reached the rank of first sergeant the armistice interfered with his climb.

Active in athletics from a boy, “Lank” decided to concentrate on sport cartooning as a profession and was taken on by the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Realizing that only study would attain the goal he sought, Leonard resigned that first job and entered the Art Student’s League in New York. Money being none too plentiful, study had to be interrupted by work. No newspaper connection was available and he accepted an offer by a sporting goods concern to travel as a salesman. For five years he traveled from coast to coast, always on the side securing data on sports, practicing drawing.

The Art Student’s League course was resumed where it had been left off. A course at the Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago followed. In 1924 “Lank” decided he was good enough to convert his knowledge into cash and has been on the George Matthew Adams Service staff since 1925. Today his sports cartoons and sports stories appear in an impressive list of representative newspapers throughout the United States and Canada.
The New York Times, August 4, 1970, added a few more details about Leonard and said he “graduated from the Eastman Gaines Business College in New York”; was “an $11‐a‐week inker at the Bray Studios, a New York producer of animated cartoons”; and later “sold sports drawings to Ring magazine”.

The Knickerbocker News (Albany, New York), March 5, 1951, provided more details:

[Leonard] took a job as a bookkeeper in one of his home town’s factories and drew cartoons for the plant’s house paper….

…On one of his sales trips he chanced to meet the late Clare Briggs, the famous cartoonist. Briggs liked his samples and offered him many helpful suggestions….

…By chance Lank heard that Charles V. McAdam, president McNaught Syndicate, was interested in a strip. He brought some sketches to Mr. McAdam and together they planned “Mickey Finn” with the broadest possible human appeal—a delightful combination of the excitement of police work plus the life of a wholesome Irish-American family.
The Tarrytown Daily News (New York), July 23, 1953, noted that Leonard “began his newspaper career with the Port Chester Daily Item as a sportswriter and cartoonist.”

Two Leonard cartoons were found in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 27 (below) and 29, 1922.

Schenectady Gazette 11/5/1926

The 1925 state census listed the Leonards in Rye at 50 Park Avenue. Leonard was a salesman.

The Schenectady Gazette, January 24, 1930, reported the death of Leonard’s father.

The 1930 census said sportswriter and cartoonist Leonard and his widow mother were at the same address.

American Newspaper Comics (2012) said Leonard produced the strip, Mickey Finn, for the McNaught Syndicate. Leonard drew it from April 6, 1936 to November 29, 1970. Leonard had several assistants who were Ray McGill, Morris Weiss, Johnny Vita, Allie Vita, Larry Tullipano, Tony DiPreta and Martin Bailey. When Leonard died, Weiss continued the strip from November 30, 1970 to September 10, 1977. The Sunday strip had four different toppers: Know Your Merchant Marine, Know Your NavyKnow Your Sports, and Nipple—He’s Often Wrong.

The 1940 census said newspaper cartoonist Leonard, his wife, Florence, and mother, lived at 333 Putnam Avenue in Rye. Leonard’s 1939 income was five-thousand dollars and his house valued at fifteen-thousand dollars.

The New York Sun, November 3, 1943, reported the death of Leonard’s mother.

Leonard passed away August 1, 1970, in Miami, Florida. He was laid to rest at the family plot in St. John Cemetery. Leonard’s wife passed away July 12, 2002. 

—Alex Jay


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Tuesday, February 06, 2018


Toppers: Nippie -- He's Often Wrong

I'm going to start right out by confessing that I never really understood the popularity and longevity of Mickey Finn. I've forced myself to read a little of it in the spirit of giving it a fair try. Based on that experience my main takeaway was that it seemed so low-key as to be practically no key at all. It had gags but they weren't especially funny, and it had soap opera but wasn't particularly dramatic.

What it was, I suppose, that made it popular was being directed with pinpoint accuracy at (1) the Irish, and (2) those in law enforcement -- two audiences that have significant overlap, and form a pretty good sized audience in east coast and midwest cities. Combining that with Lank Leonard's (later Morris Weiss's) really attractive but never flashy art, and apparently you have a success on your hands that can last over four decades.

But that's not what we're here to talk about today. No, it's Mickey Finn's long-time topper strip, Nippie -- He's Often Wrong. This topper was the only one ever used with Mickey Finn if you don't count the little one-panel factoids about the armed forces and sports that were included in 1943-46. Nippie - He's Often Wrong was introduced along with the new Mickey Finn Sunday page on May 17 1936, and ran atop the strip every week for over a decade, ending July 28 1946. After this date Mickey Finn eschewed toppers altogether.

This topper strip should win some sort of award as the most repetitive and unentertaining topper ever to be associated with a mainstream Sunday strip. Every week it was exactly the same thing. We begin with Nippie about to do something dangerous or just plain asinine, then he hears counsel from some onlooker suggesting that he not do it, then he does it anyway and gets his comeuppance, often involving grievous injury.

There is no attempt to be funny. Never. Just the same three-panel tragedy every week, with the unspoken moral being: if you are a moron you might want to listen to other people's advice. There's no telling how many times Nippie would have been dead in the fourth unprinted panel of the strip, but it would have been often. Like in the example above, in which he sleds into heavy traffic, and hits a moving car. Doesn't that sound like the sort of story that ends with a child-size coffin being bought?No matter how many times Nippie should have been visiting St. Peter, unfortunately for readers, he was revived for another go the next week.

Lank Leonard's assistants may have had a hand in producing Nippie -- He's Often Wrong. In the years that this topper ran, known assistants were Morris Weiss, Ray McGill, Johnny Vita, Allie Vita, and  Larry Tullipano


I can't disagree with you on either of your points about both Mickey Finn and Nipper That being said, I've always been oddly fond of both, perhaps because I find the feature so non-threatening I find it mildly reassuring. And I've taken to saying "I'm very often wrong", in tribute to Nippy.

Mostly I'm amazed that the Irish of the time tolerated the grotesque antics of Mickey's unemployable apelike Uncle Phil. The only stereotype of the Irish that he didn't embody was in spite of his frequent visits to Clancy's he wasn't a drunk.

During the war when everyone was expected to do their bit he was moderately rehabilitated, at least to the point where he could hold a minor position of authority as Sheriff.

Curious about the Lucky Bucks Play Money at the base of the page. I've seen them here and there, but always featuring characters from the strip on the page. Here we've got Mickey, Pluto, and I think Old King Cole from a Silly Symphony. Production error or emergency filler, I'm guessing.

Digging around, it seems somebody has done a book about them but can't find any general articles. Was this a syndicate initiative?
The Silly Symphony Lucky Bucks indicate that this page is from the New York Sunday Mirror, which used the play money from several different strips as margin filler when they hadn't a long skinny advert (like "Babby Ruth" or Doane's Pills) to fill the space.
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Monday, February 05, 2018


News of Yore: Pittsburgh’s Cartoonists, 1905

The Index
February 25, 1905

1. F. E. (Frederick Earl) Johnston, Leader
2. H. S. (Harry Samuel) Palmer, Press
3. E. W. (Eldridge Wallace) Jamieson, Dispatch
4. Charles Payne, Gazette
5. Jos. (Joseph) Rigby, Press
6. R. (Robert) Sidney Smith
7. O. (Oliver) Shiras, Chronicle-Telegraph

Father Pitt in Cartoons
The Index
October 6, 1906
William Parker Canfield, Robert Frazier, Eldridge Wallace Jamieson, 

Frederick Earl Johnston, Charles Milard Payne, Joseph Rigby, and 
Oliver Cameron Shiras

* * * * * 



July 24, 1883 (World War I draft card) or 1884 (1900 census), Illinois

1900 United States Federal Census
Allegheny, Pennsylvania
Household Members:
Name / Age
A Jamieson, 48
Carrie Jamieson, 45
E W Jamieson, 15

1910 United States Federal Census
Des Moines, Iowa
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
E W Jamison, 26, Newspaper Cartoonist

1911 Des Moines, Iowa, City Directory
Name: Eldridge Jamieson, Cartoonist
Randolph Hotel

1917 Des Moines, Iowa, City Directory
Eldridge W Jamieson, Artist
Randolph Hotel

World War I Draft Card
Eldridge Wallace Jamieson
Cargill Hotel, Des Moines, Iowa
Photographer, Register Tribune

1920 United States Federal Census
Des Moines, Iowa
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Eldridge W Jamieson, 36, Newspaper Artist

1928 Denver, Colorado, City Directory
Eldridge W Jamieson, Commercial Artist
1315 Curtis

1929 Omaha, Nebraska, City Directory
Eldridge Jamieson, Artist
Henshaw Hotel

1930 United States Federal Census
Chicago, Illinois
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Eldridge W Jamieson, 46, Newspaper Artist

1940 United States Federal Census
Omaha, Nebraska
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Eldridge W Jamieson, 56, Artist

1941 Omaha, Nebraska, City Directory
E W Jamieson, Artist, W P Co
1913 Farnam

World War II Draft Card
Eldridge Wallace Jamieson, Art Department, Omaha World-Herald
Conant Stanford Hotel, Omaha, Nebraska

1948 Omaha, Nebraska, City Directory
E W Jamieson, Artist, World-Herald
Conant Hotel

California, Death Index
October 18, 1968, Los Angeles, California

Birth: March 23, 1873 (Social Security Death Index); 1874 (1900 census) or 1876 (World War I draft card), Pennsylvania

1880 United States Federal Census
Sharon, Pennsylvania
Household Members:
Name / Age
David Shiras, 36
Lydia Shiras, 31
Daisy Shiras, 9
William Shiras, 7
Oliver Shiras, 6
Donald Shiras, 1 month

1900 United States Federal Census
Allegheny, Pennsylvania
Name / Age / Occuparion
Oliver C Shiras, 26, Newspaper Artist

1910 United States Federal Census
Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania
Household Members:
Name / Age /
Oliver Shiras, 36, Newspaper Cartoonist
Rebecca Shiras, 32

Michigan, Marriage Records
Oliver Shiras to Mary Pratt
June 15, 1912, Lake Shore Drive, Michigan

World War I Draft Registration Cards
Oliver Cameron Shiras
1921 East 70th Street, Cleveland, Ohio
Commercial Artist. Allied Publicity Bureau
Medium height and build with blue eyes, sandy hair

1920 United States Federal Census
Cleveland, Ohio
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Oliver C Shiras, 43, Advertising
Mary P Shiras, 25

1930 United States Federal Census
Shaker Heights, Ohio
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Oliver C Shiras, 55, Advertising
Mary P Shiras, 45
Jane B Shiras, 6
Mabel W Hunt, 35

1940 United States Federal Census
Hudson, Ohio
Household Members:
Name / Age / Occupation
Oliver Shiras, 65, Advertising
Mary Shiras, 35
Jane Shiras, 16

Death: June 17, 1967, Cleveland, Ohio
Grace Lawn Cemetery


Any idea if Newark, New Jersey editorial cartoonist William Newton (Bil) Canfield
is any relation to William Parker Canfield above?
Or if Bil Canfield (b. 1920) is still alive?
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