Thursday, October 31, 2013
Ink-Slinger Profiles: Augustus L. Jansson
Augustus Ludwig Jansson was born in Boston, Massachusetts on April 17, 1866, according to the Boston birth records at Ancestry.com. His parents, Janne and Annie, were Swedish emigrants who lived at 125 Myrtle Street. His father was an upholsterer.
Jansson has not been found in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census. The 1880 census recorded Jansson, the oldest of three children, in Somerville, Massachusetts at 49 Wallace Street. The 1884 Somerville city directory listed him as a student but it’s not clear whether he was in high school or college. The Somerville directories from 1887 to 1895 said he was a traveling salesman. From 1897 to 1900 Jansson’s occupation was salesman. And his name was listed in the Boston directories for the years 1889, at 20 Central, and 1895, at 238 State. What he was selling is not known.
Jansson possessed some musical talent. He was mentioned in the Boston Daily Globe, January 23, 1891, as one of the singers in the Boston Young Men’s Christian Union’s evening vesper service. The 1892 Report of the BYMCU mentioned several of the Sunday evening services’ musical programs that included Jansson as basso. The Catalogue of Title-Entries of Books and Other Articles, October 15 to October 20, 1894, Number 172 has this entry in the category Musical Compositions: “The Endicott Chimes. Five acts…..Aug L. Jansson.” Angels Bright and Angels Fair was a musical score by Andrew J. Boex and a poem by Jansson; it was published by the John Church Company in 1897. Boex was a native of Cincinnati, a city that would figure in some of Jansson’s printed work.
Other musical works by Jansson includes The Brigand (1899); The Coast Guard Song (1904); Palms of Peace (1904); The Witches (1904) was used in the Broadway production of The Isle of Spice (1904; click link then button for “Songs”); and Come to My Heart which was listed in American Song: The Complete Musical Theatre Companion (1985).
The Boston Journal, April 27, 1896 published a death notice for Jansson’s father who died of pneumonia.
In the 1900 census, Jansson’s mother, Anna, was the head of the household in Somerville at 102 Broadway. Her occupation was capitalist. The entry for Jansson’s trade looks like “commercial trav.[el] maps”. Also living there was his younger sister, Alice. In 1899, Jansson had given away the elder sister, Christine, at her wedding, as reported in the Boston Herald, September 15.
Jansson continued as a salesman according to the 1901 city directory. The following year’s directory had his new occupation: illustrator.
Jansson’s career as an illustrator appears to have started as early as May 5, 1901 in the Herald. The Fun Section has a page with four panels titled Appreciation by Contrast and signed “Janna.” The signature is similar to his later Sunday pieces. “Janna” appears to be a combination of the initial J and his mother’s name, Anna. Two weeks later, the first of three consecutive In Plaiddie Land was published. Both works have similarities: the use of profile; styles of hat from the simple to the outlandish; a plain horizon line and sketchy buildings with trails of smoke; and a variety of patterns in the clothing.
Dolly Varden’s daughter. (F 19242 Mar. 16, 1904.) 26503Where are you going, my pretty maid? (F 19243, Mar. 16, 1904.) 26504Ruben and Rachel. (F 20678, June 1, 1904; 2 c. June 1, 1904.) 45619Country gentleman. (F 21111, June 25, 1904; 2 c. June 25, 1904.) 51549Drum-major’s daughter. (F 21561, July 20, 1904; 2 c. July 20, 1904.) 57407Tea party. (F 22118, Aug. 18, 1904; 2 c. Aug. 18, 1904.) 65962Queen of Sheba. (F 22343, Sept. 1, 1904; 2 c. Sept. 1, 1904.) 70379Witches (the); words by A.L. Jansson; Music by Paul Schindler. (C 77219, Sept. 3, 1904; 2 c Sept. 3, 1904.) 70248
Jansson returned to the Herald with the following full-page color comics: New England Mother Goose on April 17. Odd Folks on May 8 and 15, and July 3; The Old Veteran’s Story on May 29; The Boston Tea Party on June 5 (To see The Boston Tea Party in color, go to the Sunday Press website, move the cursor over Sample Pages, click Society Is Nix, then click arrow in the right margin); The Battle of Bunker Hill on June 12. The Herald described Jansson’s work as “Goo-Goo Eye Cartoons of unique mathematical compositions.”
December saw the release of Jansson’s book, Hobby Hoss Fair. The New York Times, October 22, 1904, published a preview of the book: “‘Hobby Hoss Fair,’ Mr. A.L. Jansson’s first book, now nearly ready, is a collection of drawings in the style familiar to those who know his posters. They are printed in color and explained in droll acrostics of three or four lines, brief enough for very young readers.” The Cambridge Chronicle, December 10, 1904, reviewed the book:
In the “Hobby Hoss Fair,” by A.L. Jansson, H.M. Caldwell Co., Boston, have just published what promises to be at least one of the most unique juvenile books offered this year. The author’s drawings are well known to the public through his poster work, which, for originality and design, is unequalled. This is Mr. Jansson’s first book, and he has spared neither time nor pains to make it the most successful, novel and attractive juvenile ever published. Each verse forms on acrostic of words of not over three or four letters, and are as clever in themselves as the drawings. The work is entirely printed in colors, and has a double cover design also in color.
And the book was featured in an advertisement printed in The Bookseller, December 1904 (below).
In 1906 Jansson submitted the following items to the copyright office:
Debutante. (F 40448, Mar. 15, 1906; 2 c. Mar. 15, 1906.) 32467Alpine maid. (F 41015, Apr. 6, 1906.) 36867Dandy Dan. (F 41014, Apr. 6, 1906.) 36868Little corporal. (F 41013, Apr. 6, 1906.) 36869Witch. (F 41012, Apr. 6, 1906.) 36870
PhotographsJansson Ali Baba. (H 78513, May 31, 1906.) 54382— Clown. (H 78514, May 31, 1906.) 54383— Dragon. (H 78512, May 31, 1906.) 54384— Golfmaid. (H 78511, May 31, 1906.) 54385— Jovella. (H 78510, May 31, 1906.) 54386
In 1906 Jansson created the Colonial Characters for the wholesale clothier, Smith, Sherman & Co., of Boston. The first character appeared November 6. There were at least 24 Colonial Characters advertisements published in the bi-monthly trade magazine, Men’s Wear. Most of them can be viewed here.
Some of the characters were copyrighted by Jansson in the Catalogue of Copyright Entries, Part 4: Engravings, Cuts, etc., New Series, Volume 2, Numbers 10–13, March 1907:
Jansson (A.L.), West Somerville, Mass.Ye chimney-sweepe. (F 50345, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6259Ye constable. (F 50351, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6260Ye dressmaker. (F 50339, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6261Ye ferrymaid. (F 50341, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6262Ye goose-maid. (F 50352, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6263Ye miller. (F 50338, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6264Ye pedagogue. (F 50344, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6265Ye pyrate. (F 50342, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6266Ye quack. (F 50348, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6267Ye selectman. (F 50349, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6268Ye shepherdess. (F 50343, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6269Ye slave. (F 50351, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6270Ye spynnstere. (F 50346, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6271Ye stocks. (F 50350, Feb. 2, 1907.) 6272Ye witch finder. (F 50340, Feb. 2, 1907.) 62732 c. each Feb. 2, 1907.
The Colonial Characters book was a “set of 10 postal cards in caricature” published around 1907.
Jansson (A.L.), West Somerville, Mass.Basket ball girl. (F 52016, Mar. 22, 1907.) [8235Bellman (The). (F 52018, Mar. 22, 1907.)Drummer (The). (F 52017, Mar. 22, 1907.)Mr. Isacs. (F 52013, Mar. 22, 1907.)Pauline. (F 52021, Mar. 22, 1907.)Percy. (F 52019, Mar. 22, 1907.)Polly. (F 52020, Mar. 22, 1907.)Sandwich Sam. (F 52015, Mar. 22, 1907.)Watchman (The). (F 52014, Mar. 22, 1907.)
Another group was listed in the Catalogue of Copyright Entries, Part 4: Engravings, Cuts, etc., New Series, Volume 2, Numbers 23–26, June 1907:
Jansson (A.L.), West Somerville, Mass.Abigail. (F 53472, May 3, 1907.) [9295Beau B. (F 54207, May 3, 1907.)Bulah. (F 53473, May 3, 1907.)Carmen. (F 53474, May 3, 1907.)Cornellia C. (F 54210, May 15, 1907.)Doctor B. (F 54204, May 15, 1907.)Dora. (F 53475, May 3, 1907.)Dorothy G. (F 54206, May 15, 1907.)Eloise. (F 53476, May 3, 1907.)Evangeline E. (F 54211, May 15, 1907.)Fanny. (F 53477, May 3, 1907.)Officer Z. (F 54208, May 15, 1907.)Percy P. (F 54203, May 15, 1907.)Serg. T. (F 54209, May 15, 1907.)Tessie T. (F 54205, May 15, 1907.)Victoria V. (F 54202, May 15, 1907.)
Jansson (Augustus L.), West Somerville, Mass. [12 prints] [15630–15641Jaclubs.—Jadia.—Jaharts.—Jaspa.—Kidia.—Kiharts.—Kispa.—Klubs.—Qclubs.—Qudia.—Quhahts.—Quspa. (F 76411–76422, May 11, 1909; 2 c. of each June 3, 1909.)
The 1910 census recorded Jansson in Somerville at 102 Wallace Street. His occupation was advertising illustrator. Samples of his work from this time forward have not been found.
Jansson, still single, remained at the same address in the 1920 census, which was enumerated January 12. He had returned to his earlier occupation as a traveling salesman. The 1920 city directory included Jansson’s wife’s name, Christina, in parentheses, and his occupation as fore[man]. It’s not clear whether he was an employee or self-employed. Five years later in the 1925 directory, he was in sales and Christina’s name was not included.
Agassiz council held its annual memoral [sic] exercises and roll call in Tibbetta hall, Wednesday evening. Regent A.G. Ranberg presided. Addresses were made by past Grand Regent Henry Goodwin, who also delivered the eulogy. Past Regent John M. Brennan, Past Commander Jansson of the Arcanum Angels, and Arthur H. Harding, regent of Cambridge council. Several solos were rendered by Joe Noel, accompanied on the piano by Paul Lawrence. Beautiful rose buds were distributed to many of the ladies present. Refreshments were served….
In the Globe his name appeared numerous times including February 19, 1911: “The regular meeting of Haven 3, Arcanum Angels, will take place in the form of a banquet at the home of Augustus L. Jansson, 102 Wallace st, West Somerville.”; September 29, 1912: “Augustus L. Jansson, SDGR, will visit Spring Brook Council of Walpole, Tuesday evening and John Erikson Council of Lowell Thursday evening. On both occasions a large number of Arcanum Angels will act as members of Deputy Jansson’s suite.”; and February 21, 1926 may have been the last time his name appeared in print: “Menotomy Council of Arlington will have its officers installed Friday evening by A.L. Jansson, SDGR, of Somerville. Grand officers will attend.”
Jansson has not been found in the 1930 census. He may have passed away before the census enumeration, however, an obituary has not been found. According to the Herald and Globe, November 23, 1943, his sister, Christine, passed away and he was not mentioned as a survivor.
Labels: Ink-Slinger Profiles