Saturday, July 13, 2019


Herriman Saturday

December 27 1909 -- Herriman offers a one-shot comic strip giving the boss's perspective on the Christmas holiday.


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Friday, July 12, 2019


Wish You Were Here, from Rudolph Dirks

Here's a postcard given out by Hearst's New York American as a Sunday paper premium in 1906.


One of the (many) things that have always amused me about the Katzies is the way they bawl so vehemently after they have been naughty (again). Actually, naughty is hardly the word — absolutely vicious and vile and sometimes murderous is more like it. Anyway, where was I? . . . Oh yeah, when they are spanked (or beaten, or thrashed) is they only time they display any mood besides wicked, chops-licking glee. They have two moods, before and after. I often wonder why they don't lay off a bit if they so hate being punished. I guess it's a vicious circle.And for us, the strip would be no fun if they were pious little swots . . . can you imagine that strip?
If I might venture a guess as to why the terrible two don't recieve a punishment to fit their misdeeds, is that there's a general rule about slapstick humor, you can't pay off women and children in kind for a gross indignity caused by them, or you will turn your audience against the figure who suffered the indignity. Instead of laughing with him/at him, one would be moved to see him with anger and contempt.

In 1906, a paddling with a stick would be seen as a just punishment for the pair, not only because we'll take it for granted that they are in a perpetual state of "needing it", but corporal punishment was standard child-rearing mode then anyway. I'm sure to tender current sensibilities, this might look like some kind of a crime against children.
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Thursday, July 11, 2019


Ink-Slinger Profiles by Alex Jay: Dorothy Hughes

Dorothy McClennan Stuart Hughes was born on November 25, 1897, in Boston, Massachusetts. Her birth information is from the Massachusetts Birth Records at

In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Hughes was the only child of Edward, a salesman, and Lucile. They resided on North Street in Randolph, Massachusetts.

At some point the family moved to New York City. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, September 17, 1909, listed Hughes as a new member of the New Humane Club.

The 1910 census recorded Hughes, her parents and Rhode Island-born four-year-old sister, Jessie, in Brooklyn, New York at 1447 Pacific Street.

Hughes was a regular contributor to the Daily Eagle’s Junior Eagle section. The February 16, 1910 edition announced her as twenty-five credit puzzle winner. The March 4 Daily Eagle published Hughes’ letter asking if her sister could join the humane Club. Hughes was listed as a puzzle winner on March 30, April 13, and August 10.

Apparently Hughes’ first published drawing was in the August 16, 1910 Daily Eagle. The Daily Eagle would publish over 40 drawings by Hughes.

Hughes also sent artwork to St. Nicholas magazine which included her in its August 1910 issue.

Hughes was reported as a Junior Eagle puzzle winner in 1912 on April 3, April 10 and April 17.

By October 22, 1912, the Daily Eagle had published eight drawing by Hughes. The editor of the Junior Eagle section, “Aunt Jean”, looked forward to meeting Hughes. On November 6, 1912, Aunt Jean announced Hughes’ paper doll.

Over two dozen drawings and paper doll outfits by Hughes would appear in the Junior Eagle in 1913. In the same year Hughes submitted art to St. Nicholas magazine which featured her Gold Badge award illustration, Through the Window, in January. The magazine listed her in its February, March, April, June, July, August and October issues.

In the Daily Eagle, February 3, 1914, Aunt Jean wrote

… One boy and two girl contributors to the Junior Eagle celebrated their sixteenth birthday last year and their work no longer adorns the pages of our little paper, as credits are given only yo boys and girls under 16. I am sure you know who they are, for we miss the superior contributions from their pens—they are Dorothy Hughes, Harry Diehl and Florence Chadeayne.

I hope they will be occasional contributors, for we do not want to forget these talented little nieces and the nephew. …

The Daily Eagle, February 26, 1914, reprinted Hughes’ first “Drawings to Be Accepted by a ‘Grown-up’ Magazine [Motion Picture Story Magazine, March 1914].” Her last drawing appeared in the June 1915 Motion Picture Magazine.

The 1915 New York state census said the Hughes family lived at 1014 Park Place in Brooklyn. The household included a servant.

Four days after the state census, the June 5 Daily Eagle said

Dorothy Hughes, of 1014 Park place, whose contributions of drawings were a feature of The Junior Eagle only a few months ago, has taken the gold medal for artwork in Adelphi Art School. Dorothy is only 16 years old and until she entered the art school she never took a drawing lesson, and her only experience was gained through drawing pictures for the weekly edition for children of The Eagle.

Her drawings, when she contributed, were well executed, and even at that time the girl, then between the age of 13 and 15, was called an artist of real ability. Scarcely a week went by that one of Dorothy’s drawings did not appear in the paper and each seemed far better than the last.

When she became too old to send in contributions for the Junior Department, she matriculated in Adelphi Art School at the age of 16, and there, for the first time, was given actual instruction as to the way to draw. She grasped the mechanical part of drawing easily and soon showed such marked superiority over her classmates that her work was watched carefully by the teachers. For that reason she was awarded the prize and her victory in the competition was very popular.

The medal Dorothy received is the only medal of gold given for first-year classes, and it is prized the more because it brings with it the assurance that the competent critics of the pupils’ work saw in her a girl with ability and the power and desire to learn.

The June 7 Daily Eagle reported the student art exhibition at Adelphi and said
In charcoal drawing from the cast there are on the walls about 200 works on Whatman paper and the arrangement is such that all of the drawings are in good light. The prizes were as follows: To Dorothy Hughes, gold medal for full length nude, “Aphrodite” …
In the same issue, Aunt Jean wrote
Readers of the Junior Eagle have not forgotten the exquisite drawings contributed by Dorothy Hughes which adorned the pages of the Junior and won for the little artist words of highest praise from older and competent judges. Great success in the field was predicted if Dorothy chose to adopt art as a profession. This she decided to do, and entered the Adelphi Art School, where her natural talent improved and won for her the distinction of the award of this year’s gold medal for antique drawing, the only gold medal given to the first year students.

Members of the Junior Eagle Art Club will learn of the success of its former member with pride and pleasure. Dorothy was always modest and retiring, but her work spoke for itself. Since entering Adelphi and having her drawings accepted professionally by several magazine, this talented girl has not forgotten the Junior Eagle, but has contributed, gratuitously, several beautiful drawings showing a steady improvement on her former work, for, like all ambitious persons, she was not content to rest on her laurels, but aimed to improve on all work she had done, even the best that she had done.

The Junior Eagle is proud to honor its gifted former Art Club member. We wish her continued success in her chosen profession, and the farm that will surely follow will have been richly deserved.

In 1916 St. Nicholas listed Hughes in January and published her art in March

The Daily Eagle, December 22, 1918, described Hughes’ additional art training.

She took a one year’s course in the Life Room of the New York School of Applied Design for Women in New York City. From there she took up portrait painting under Joseph Boston at Carnegie Hall. Two summers were spent at Provincetown in the Art Colony studying landscape and oils under George Elmer Browne, and another year was spent at the New School for Life and Illustrations at Boston.

Miss Hughes has not aimed to do professional work while studying, but she has had drawings published in the Motion Picture Classic Magazine and in the M. P. Magazine. At the present time fashion designs and advertising work are occupying her attention.

FitzGerald’s Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám: Popularity and Neglect (2013) lists Hughes’ 1919 and 1921 illustrations for the Omar Khayyám Club of America.

Before the 1920 census, Hughes’ father passed away. The 1920 census enumeration counted Hughes, her mother (the head of the household) and sister in Belmont, Massachusetts at 3 Oxford Avenue. Hughes’ occupation was commercial artist. The 1922 Belmont city directory had the same address.

In 1921 Hughes contributed art to the Boston Post which serialized previously published novels including The Wings of Youth, The Elephant’s Board and Keep, and Miss Vannah of Our Adv. Shop.

Hughes exhibited a painting in the Provincetown Art Association’s Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings and Prints which ran from July 29 to September 8, 1928. Her listing appeared as “39. Dorothy Stuart Hughes, Commercial Street, West End.” The following year Hughes was on the entertainment committee

American Newspaper Comics (2012) said Hughes created the panel, Angelina’s Line a Day, which ran from February 2, 1929 to April 4, 1942, in the Boston Post.

Hughes has not yet been found in the 1930 census. She and her mother were listed in the 1930 Boston directory at 60 Fenway. In the 1931 directory, commercial artist Hughes resided at “290 Mt Auburn W’town” and had a studio at “755 Boylston room 212”. The 1933 and 1934 Boston directories said Hughes was at 92A Pinckney. Two years later, Hughes lived at 352 Riverway.

In the 1940 census, Hughes resided in Rockport, Massachusetts at 34 Granite Street. She owned the house. Her occupation was commercial artist working in the newspaper industry. Hughes earned $3,315 in 1939. Gloucester and Rockport city directories, from 1939 to 1944, listed Hughes at the same address.

Records of Hughes whereabouts after 1944 have not been found. A 1955 Harvard Alumni Directory said Eric Duff Forsbergh was living at Hughes’ house in Rockport. It’s not clear if Hughes passed away or moved before 1955.

The Social Security Death Index does not have a “Dorothy Hughes” who was born on November 25, 1897 but it does have a possible match in “Dorothy Marsh”, born on that date, lived in Massachusetts and passed away April 1965.

Dorothy Hughes’ Brooklyn Daily Eagle Illustrations and Paper Dolls
August 16, 1910: The Three Little Travelers
April 21, 1912: A Vision of Spring
April 30, 1912: “Yum Yum”
May 14, 1912: Among the Blossoms
May 25, 1912: This Is Patricia, Our New Doll

June 12, 1912: A Charming Pose
June 24, 1912: A Good Catch
June 26, 1912: Her Pet

October 7, 1912: Off to School
October 22, 1912: A Yachting Girl
November 9, 1912: Baby Bunting, His Clothes and Toys
January 6, 1913: The Twins
January 11, 1913: Jessie—Her Outfit
January 18, 1913: Dolly Jessie’s Outfit
February 14, 1913: Valentines and Young Artists Who Drew Them

March 19, 1913: Mistress Mary
March 22, 1913: The Easter Girl
March 29, 1913: Lucile—Part of Her New Spring Clothes
April 5, 1913: Lucile’s New Spring Clothes
May 29, 1913: Spring Maid
May 31, 1913: Jeanette—Some of Her New Summer Clothes
June 5, 1913: The June Bride
June 7, 1913: More of Jeanette’s New Summer Clothes
June 18, 1913: The Bathing Beauty
June 21, 1913: The Sweet Girl Graduate
July 9, 1913: The Tennis Girl
July 19, 1913: Fair Margaret and Her Up-to-Date Clothes
July 23, 1913: A Summer Girl
July 26, 1913: More Dresses for Margaret, the Popular Doll
August 5, 1913: A Summer Day’s Treat

August 26, 1913: The Midsummer Girl
September 30, 1913: Feeding the Squirrels
October 7, 1913: The New Fall Hat
October 23, 1913: Autumn
October 31, 1913: Prize Winners in the Eagle’s Halloween Contest
November 7, 1913: The First Peep
November 13, 1913: The Bumped Head
February 26, 1914: Former Junior Member Successful
March 13, 1914: “Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep”
December 24, 1914: Under the Mistletoe
January 2, 1916: Baby’s Five Senses, No. 1—Sense of Light
January 9, 1916: Baby’s Five Senses, No. 2—Sense of Taste
January 16, 1916: Baby’s Five Senses, No. 3—Sense of Hearing

January 23, 1916: Baby’s Five Senses, No. 4—Sense of Touch
January 30, 1916: Baby’s Five Senses, No. 5—The Sense of Smell
December 22, 1918: The Junior Eagle Hall of Fame No. IX.—Dorothy Hughes

Dorothy Hughes’ Motion Picture Magazine Illustrations and News
March 1914
page 136
page 141

April 1914
page 56
pages 134–135

May 1914
page 139

June 1914
pages 134–135

July 1914
pages 134–135
page 137

August 1914
pages 134–135
page 142

September 1914
pages 134–135
page 150
page 152

October 1914
page 135
page 139
page 148

November 1914
pages 136–137

December 1914
pages 134–135

January 1915
page 135
page 139
page 152

February 1915
pages 134–135
page 141

March 1915
page 135
page 140

April 1915
page 135
page 140

May 1915
page 134
page 148

June 1915
page 135

December 1915
Answers to Inquiries
page 146: Togo.—You ask what happened to Dorothy Hughes. Nothing, except she doesn’t submit drawings any more.

page 154: Nellie, Montreal.—Dorothy Hughes does not submit drawings to us any more. She is studying art.

—Alex Jay


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Wednesday, July 10, 2019


Obscurity of the Day: Angelina's Line a Day

Dorothy Hughes' single-panel cartoon series, Angelina's Line a Day, ran in the Boston Post from February 2 1929 until April 4 1942. Despite the good quality of the drawings and gags, the feature seems to have never been offered in syndication.

Trina Robbins has original art samples of a few later features created by Hughes, but if they ever saw newsprint I'm not aware of it.

The title of this panel series is a mystery. First, the panel ran twice per week for all of its existence as far as I know, so where does the "Line a Day" come in? And second, who the heck is Angelina? As far as I know, there was no continuing character by that name in the feature.

 In the 1920s, there was a Dorothy Hughes who was a beauty queen, a model, a showgirl and an actress, and married an editor of the New York Mirror tabloid. I so wanted this to be the gal who also created Angelina's Line a Day. But Alex Jay, that party-pooper, spoiled my fun. More on our Dorothy Hughes tomorrow in his Ink-Slinger Profile.

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That's pretty baffling. As you say it is obviously completely professional so why not go for the big time and syndication?
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Tuesday, July 09, 2019


News of Yore 1972 : Morrie Turner Profiled

Wee Pals Strip takes its Creator into Big Business

by Jim Scott (Editor & Publisher, January 15 1972)


Morrie Turner conducts a 'chalk talk' for children in Berkeley school.
Integration came later to the fiercely competitive world of cartooning than it did to sports. But the progenitor, Morrie Turner, of Oakland, California, is making it just as big as Jackie Robinson did in baseball, proving anew to youngsters that it's talent, not color, that counts. 

The genial Morrie, whose voice flows as soft as sorghum, is the creator of "Wee Pals," a daily comic strip, that the Regis­ter and Tribune Syndicate, Des Moines, distributes to 75 papers, including two in Africa. 

(One African girl wrote Morrie: "Is it possible to make a living selling lemonade on the street?") 

"Cartooning has always been the big interest in my life," ,says Turner. "But newspapers have provided me with an extra bonus. It's prestige, prestige that opens many doors, principally the door to childhood." 

Close to Children
Turner appears frequently before school children in Oakland and Berkeley for "chalk talks." He's particularly proud of the "Wee Pals Read-in," which he con­ducts during the summer, in Berkeley pub­lic libraries. Sometimes children refuse to believe that this kindly gentleman is an artist but their doubts vanish rapidly as he sketches Nipper on the blackboard. 

He draws about 30 letters a week, about half of them from youngsters. They even send him cartoon ideas-some usable. 

Morrie gets no inspiration from his own family, for his and Letha's only child Morris, is grown, gone and working for the telephone company. 

Charles Schulz, of "Peanuts" fame has been Turner's hero, and he admits pattern­mg Wee Pals after "Peanuts." (Schulz first strip was called "Little Folks") 

Like Schulz, Turner now is big in books - author of four cartoon works, "Wee Pals," "Kid Power," "Right-On, Wee Pals," and "Wee Pals Getting Together." He's also produced two children's books, "Nipper" and "Nipper Power." Moreover, he and Letha turned out a "Black and White" coloring book. 

Further, Morrie authored "Freedom Is," a cartoon compilation of opinions of sixth grade pupils in Berkeley schools. Another of this stripe, bowing shortly, is 'God is Groovy," in which youngsters  talk about God. 

Turner also is following Schulz into television. ABC will give Nipper and his friends the full-hour treatment in the Fall. 

Again like Schulz, Turner has gone into merchandising. An Oakland firm, Outta Print, is producing Wee Pals T shirts, bearing such legends as "Rainbow Pow­er" and "Peace Loves Peanut Butter and Jelly." 

A comparative little guy himself, at 5-9, 165, Turner has odd work habits. He prefers the still of the night. 

He starts work at midnight and re­mains at the drawing board until around 4 a.m. 

"I also watch television," "Rather, I listen to it. I watch the start of a movie for about five minutes to place the charac­ters in my mind, then turn away from it to go to work. After that, I don't see the screen but simply hear the words." 

He sleeps till around noon. Oatmeal is his favorite breakfast food. 

The Turners occupy a two-bedroom unit in an Oakland apartment building, and one bedroom serves as his office. Plaques and trophies he has won decorate the walls. 

Morrie finds plenty to do after break­fast. With Letha's help, he answers his mail. Besides his grade school visits, he teaches an adult cartoon class at night at Laney College and also serves the Volun­teer Bureau, a wing of the Community Chest. And several times monthly he planes to the East or Midwest for appear­ances before school and parent-teacher groups. 

Turner didn't make an impressive start in cartooning. In fact, he flunked an art course at Berkeley High, where his only fame came as a quarter-miler on the track team. ("We were always drawing flow­ers," he said. "I prefer people.") 

At this time, Morrie had already start­ed sketching friends and neighbors. 

After his graduation from high school, Morrie Turner joined the Army, and it was in camp papers that his cartoons first appeared. 

In Police Clerk's Job

At war's end, Morrie returned home in 1946 and married his high school sweetheart. He caught on as a police clerk in Oakland, remaining on the job 13 years. 

In his spare time, Turner kept busy at the drawing board. He sold often to trade journals, then he began hitting Collier's, Look and the Saturday Evening Post.

By 1960, Morrie was making enough on his cartoons to quit his job and go full­time into his beloved avocation. He began turning out "Dinky Fellas," for free for the Berkeley Post, a black weekly. It in­cluded only three characters; today, 11 populate Wee Pals. 

Lew Little, looking for a Negro strip for his syndicate, heard about Turner's talent in 1964, checked over his Post creations and signed him up.

The Oakland Tribune and the Los An­geles Times were the first papers to ac­cept the strip and Morrie was on his way. Since then, it has been only onward and upward. 

In his Sunday cartoon, Turner early introduced "Soul Corner," in which he often salutes some outstanding Negro out of the past. 

"Letha does all the research on this for me," said Morrie with a wink. 


I enjoy seeing reissues of Wee Pals on the UComics website.
Hello Allen-
Here's a question (that nobody ever asked but me), What strip went through the most different syndicates? I think it might be Wee Pals. It started as a Lew Little, then became a Register & Tribune, then King Features, Then United Features, then Field Enterprises,News America, North America and finally Creator's.
Mark, you know that's the sort of question that's like red meat to me. Look for a post exploring the answer here next week, and get ready to argue about it -- no two comic fans will ever agree on the answer.

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Monday, July 08, 2019


Obscurity of the Day: Cinderella Suze

Jack Callahan was a real dynamo of the Hearst cartooning bullpen in the 1910s, and one of his tasks was to quickly produce substitute material when the syndicate was caught short. Cinderella Suze is a case in point.

In June 1918 the premier Hearst Sunday comics section, operating under the Star Company moniker, had the good fortune to bring on board the great Rube Goldberg, who was starting a new strip for them called Boob McNutt. At the same time, Fred Opper seems to have tired of producing Happy Hooligan, and he came up with a new strip, The Dubb Family. The Sunday section was in flux, and for some reason they needed Jack Callahan to fill in for three weeks.

Thus was born Cinderella Suze, a fun strip which features a mother and her two daughters playing out a modern version of the Cinderella story. Older daughter gets all the attention from her gold-digging mother, who hopes she'll snare a rich husband, while younger sister Suze toils in rags. Of course Suze ends up turning the tables on her family in each breezy installment.

The strip ran June 2, 9 and 16th 1918, and then with the debuts of Boob McNutt and The Dubb Family the next week was presumably gone forever. However, Cinderella Suze was asked for a curtain call almost two years later on April 18 1920 when Jimmy Swinnerton was apparently unable to produce a Little Jimmy strip for that day. This time Cinderella Suze, still toiling in the shadow of her sister, ran under the International Feature Service banner for her swan song.


Hello Allen-
Do you think the 1920 strip was actually drawn in 1918, and just sat around for two years as an emergency stop-gap, as they did many times in the early 1910s, or was it a new piece of art, with an eye to maybe launching a new series?
Good question Mark, and the answer is that the 1920 strip was almost certainly drawn in 1920. Comparing it to the 1918 strips, Callahan had tinkered with his style, which he presumably wouldn't have if it was drawn at the time of the original series.

Where can you find other sunday pages from Cinderella Suze?
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