Saturday, December 07, 2013


Herriman Saturday

Sunday, May 10 1908 -- It is anyone's guess why the Los Angeles Examiner felt it appropriate to devote an entire color page plus additonal interior page of their Sunday magazine section to a fellow named Charles James.

Mr. James, who studied theatre at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, was, in the parlance of the day, a crank. It was his belief, for reasons none too abundantly clear, that actors should subsist on no more than a salary of $1 a day (even in 1908, this was a pretty bare-bones salary). In vague terms, this was supposed to ensure that only those actors who truly were in thrall to the muse of acting would be drawn to the profession.

James was on his way to San Francisco to drum up more support for his idea, and hopefully to open a theatre there based on his principles.As far as I know, this never happened.

Poor Herriman got tapped to make a rare color appearance in the paper illustrating this odd piece. I'd say he did well under the circumstances.


Comments: Post a Comment

Friday, December 06, 2013


Sci-Friday starring Adam Chase

Adam Chase (c) renewed 2013 by Russ Morgan. All rights reserved.

Adam Chase strip #49, originally published May 7 1967. For background on the strip and creator, refer to this post.


Only 3 left!! Allan, I hope you have some kind of Friday encore up your sleeve!
It ran for two years so we have plenty of installments remaining.
Way cool. I thought it was only one year
Dana is correct that the strip ran for two years in the Eugene Register-Guard. Unfortunately, I just got some bad news from Russ Morgan about continued appearances of his Adam Chase strip. Please see next week's installment for an announcement.

Post a Comment

Thursday, December 05, 2013


Ink-Slinger Profiles by Alex Jay: C.J. Budd

Charles Jay Budd was born in South Schodack, New York, on February 14, 1859, according to Who’s Who in America, Volume 7 (1913) and Who Was Who in America with World Notables, Volume 1 (1943).

In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, he was the son of John and and Rosalind. They lived in Schodack where his father was a farmer. Ten years later, he was the oldest of three children and his father continued farming. In 1880, Budd and his brother William were working with their father on the farm in Schodack.

Who Was Who said Budd received his education at the Troy Conference Academy in Vermont, and Claverack College, also known as the Hudson River Institute, in New York. The dates of his attendance are not known. His art education was at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, in Philadelphia, and the Art Students’ League, in New York. The Chatham Courier, (New York), July 4, 1883, noted his talent:

Charles J. Budd, a late student of the Philadelphia Art Institute, is now stopping at South Schodack, his home, and is doing some very fine work in copying pictures and photographs. We had the pleasure of seeing some of his work, and think it s as good as any we have seen in any art gallery. He will copy old photos in oil, of any size, for less than one-half the regular price.
In Life magazine, May 18, 1911, Budd spoke about his education and art training: “Boarding school, college, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, where, like Rockefeller, I took up oil. I entered the studio of Mr. E.B. Bensell, in 1886, and studied afterward at the Art Students’ League in New York.”

Who Was Who said Budd’s professional career began by illustrating children’s magazines and books in Philadelphia in 1885. In 1890 he moved to New York City. On October 27, 1892 he married Carrie Louise Tillapaugh.

Budd provided 25 illustrations for the story, “The Real Tom Brownson”, in Godey’s Magazine, October 1893. His association with Life magazine started in 1894 and ended in 1917.

The 1898 Trow’s Business Directory of the Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx, City of New York listed Budd at 41 West 22nd Street.

The 1900 census recorded Budd in East Orange, New Jersey, at 53 Hawthorne Avenue. His occupation was “illustration artist.” In the household was his wife, son Wilfred, mother-in-law and servant. He contributed over 20 illustrations to The Arnold Primer (1901).

Budd was a magazine illustrator in the 1910 census. He remained in East Orange but at a different address, 218 Grove Street. American Newspaper Comics (2012) said he drew the Sunday strip, Matts’s and May’s Matinees, for the New York Herald, from July 30 to September 24, 1911.

New York Herald 7/30/1911

According to Who Was Who, he was cartoonist on Harper’s Weekly, from 1912 to 1913, and he started his own business, the C.J. Budd Company, manufacturers of artistic gifts and other items. Who’s Who in America (1913) said his studio was at 37 West 22nd Street in Manhattan, New York City. He wrote the books Around the World in Eighty Minutes (1913) and The Blot Book (1915), which was illustrated by Fred T. Richards. Budd’s Old Fables Modernized was mentioned in several books but an actual copy has not been found.

Life 9/30/1915

Budd and his family resided at the same address in the 1920 census. His occupation was artist in an art company. Apparently his son was a salesman for the company. The American Elite and Sociologist Blue Book (1922) said his studio was located at 119 East 18th Street, New York City, and he was president of the Budd Line of Art Novelties.

Budd passed away April 25, 1926, in New York City. Two days later The New York Times reported his death:

Charles J. Budd, artist and magazine illustrator, died on Sunday night in St. Luke’s after a long Illness. He was 67 years old.
Mr. Budd studied at the the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts. He directed a novelty shop at 119 East Eighteenth Street and lived at 218 North Grove Street, East Orange. He was a member of the Salmagundi and Dutch Treat Clubs. Surviving him are his wife and a son, Wilbur [sic].

—Alex Jay 


Comments: Post a Comment

Wednesday, December 04, 2013


Ink-Slinger Profiles by Alex Jay: Juanita Hamel

Juanita Hamel was born in De Soto, Missouri on April 27, 1891. Her birthplace was found on a 1922 passenger list which had her birthdate as April 27, 1893. On the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, her birth information was recorded as April 1891, so I assume her parents provided the correct month and year. Her name was misspelled “Wanita”. She was the oldest of four children born to F.G. and Lucy; they resided in De Soto.

In 1910, her mother was the head of the household, a widow and self-employed milliner. They lived in Wellston, Missouri at 6219 Wells Avenue. Hamel’s college art training was mentioned in the St. Louis Reference Record (1927):

...To Washington University should be credited many, probably a majority, of St. Louis newspaper artists, past and present. I have met very few who had not been students of the St. Louis Art School, the art department of that University. A list of over one hundred artists who have worked for the local press will be found under the head of “Newspaper Artists”—see January 1. The list includes these ladies: Marie Armstrong (Mrs. Emil Mallinckrodt), Beatrice Benson (Mrs. Elmer J. Graham), Halcyon Brewer, Lillian M. Brown, Mrs. A.J. Dobbin, Fern Forester (Mrs. Frank Shay), Juanita Hamel, Martha H. Hoke, Aithra Holland, Marguerite Martyn (Mrs. Clair Kenamore), Anita Moore, Mrs. Ernest Schweppe, Helen Williams, Anne-Gene Witzig (Mrs. Joseph T. Funkhouser)….
Her participation in a newspaper exhibition was covered in Cartoons Magazine, February 1916.
Press Artists’ ExhibitThe recent exhibition of the St. Louis newspaper artists at the St. Louis Press Club, which was extended because of its popularity, closed December 13, 1915. One hundred and twenty pictures were shown, including oil paintings, water colors, crayon, and pen and ink sketches. Among the artists represented were A. Russell, R.J. Bieger, Arthur L. Friedrich, George Grinham and Percy Vogt, of the Globe-Democrat; Arthur Button, Gus T. Coleman and A.B. Chapin, of the Republic; Miss Juanita Hamel and Elmer Pins, of the Times; Frederick Tuthill, of the Star, and D.R. Fitzpatrick, of the Post-Dispatch.
The St. Louis (Missouri) Directory 1916 listed her address as “505 N Spring av” and occupation as artist. The St. Louis Reference Record said, “Juanita Hamel, the first lady artist of the St. Louis Times, was a student at the Washington University’s art school prior to her engagement by the paper. From the Times Miss Hamel went to a Chicago paper [around 1917], I have heard…” She produced artwork for the Chicago Herald which held the copyright. (Catalogue of Copyright Entries, 1917, Volume 14, Number 7, and 11; and Volume 15, Number 4.) Her illustrations were published in many newspapers. (Go to Google News and search, in double quotes, “by juanita hamel”.)  A poster with her art is at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University Library and Archives. The Library of Congress has two of her drawings, Fashionable woman and “Mother, my fiancé”. The Fourth Estate, May 11, 1918, published the following item: “Ted Brown, cartoonist for the Chicago Daily News, won first prize in the contest for newspaper artists drawing Liberty Loan designs. C. Orr of the Tribune was second and Miss Juanita Hamel of the Herald third.”

The 1920 census and New York City Directory 1920 have her address as 23 Christopher Street; the census enumerator misspelled her last name as “Harnel”. She was a newspaper artist. On June 28, 1922, she sailed from Boulogne-sur-Mer, France and arrived in New York on July 9. Her address was 96 Grove Street. A few months later, in October, she visited Bermuda. The New York Times, January 27, 1923, reported the results of the thirteenth annual specialty show of the American Pomeranian Club, at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria: “Class 7—Novice Dogs, any solid color—Won by Juanita Hamel’s Early’s Black Bunny…” The St. Louis Reference Record said, “…[she] is now (1923) making sketches for the Newspaper Picture Service, with headquarters in New York City. A former St. Louis newspaper man, Moses Koenigsberg, recently was and perhaps still is the manager and president of that New York service company. The artist’s name, Juanita Hamel, in the Cleveland Plaindealer [sic] the other day (April 15, [sic] 1923) caught my eye and I stopped work to admire a sketch entitled ‘While He Waits.’ The picture was of a beautiful young lady primping before a mirror, putting on the final touches, as the reader is informed by the underlining below.”

Cleveland Plain Dealer 4/25/1923

During 1926 her output of illustrations slowly decreased and, by the Fall, her illustrations disappeared from the newspapers. I can find no further mention of her in the press or books. The GenForum at has information saying she married “Lord Alison Fowle” and lived in Bermuda. Several passenger lists at have an Allison Fowle of Bermuda who sailed to New York City. His first two trips were in September 1923 and October 1924. His next visit to New York was on June 17, 1926, for two weeks; he stayed at the Bristol Hotel. He named his father as his nearest relative. A few months later, on September 30, he was in New York on his way to Montreal. The passenger list had Mrs. A. Fowler of Bermuda as his nearest relative. There is another list with a “Juanita Fowle”, born 1897 in St. Louis, who sailed from Hamilton, Bermuda on October 9, 1926, and arrived in New York two days later. Her husband was identified as Mr. A. Fowle of Bermuda. It appears to me Hamel had married Fowle in Bermuda over the summer; news of their marriage has not been found. On the list, her New York address was 33 West 8th Street, which is about a five-minute walk to the Christopher and Grove street addresses mentioned earlier. I’m guessing she waited for her husband’s return from Montreal and then sailed home with him.

Curiously in July 1927, her next trip to New York, she was listed as an alien, a citizen of Great Britain. A few months later, in November, she returned, as a U.S. citizen, to New York and stayed at the Ritz Carlton Hotel. Only once did they travel together, on February 25, 1928, to the United States. During his two week visit, it appears they went to St. Louis and stayed at 4118 Ashland Avenue. Her subsequent visits alternated between New York City and St. Louis addresses. Apparently, her final U.S. visit was in August 1935.

Hamel passed away in July 1939 according to the St. Louis Dispatch, July 12, 1939. 
Mrs. Allison Fowle, Former Newspaper Artist, Dies
Ex-St. Louisan, Who Was Miss Juanita Hamel Before Her Marriage, Succumbs to Bermuda

Mrs. Allison Fowle, the former Miss Juanita Hamel of St. Louis, once a newspaper artist, died yesterday of a cerebral hemorrhage at her home in Hamilton, Bermuda. She was 42 years old. After studying art at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts and in Chicago, she began drawing for newspapers in St. Louis. Later her work was syndicated. Following an illness in New York, she moved to Bermuda 10 years ago. There she met and married Fowle, who is in the shipping business. Her mother, Mrs. Lucille Hamel Craven, lives at 4336 Olive street. Two brothers also survive. The funeral will be in Hamilton.
The St. Louis Public Library’s “St. Louis Artists Files” has a file on her.

Hamel’s husband fought in World War II. The Royal Gazette Online said, “…A number of men of the Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps went for duty with the Lincolnshire Regiment….A later contingent crossed the English Channel to join the late 1944 push from France into Germany. In late August, the first to be lost was Allison William Bluck Fowle, buried at Calvados, France….”

—Alex Jay


Juanita is my great aunt! We have family photos and such, but some of her life is a mystery to us as well.
Here is her obituary. The St. Louis newspaper has her dying in July 11?, 1939.

Thanks, Darlene. Hamel's profile has been updated.
i have several of her drawings

The Gaylord Music Library at Washington University has just acquired a piece of sheet music with an illustration by Hamel on the title page. The description may be seen at
I own several issues of the Chicago newspaper that she briefly worked for. I've always been a fan of her works, since I first became a pulp fiction fan. Back then I wondered what female artists of quality predated such renown artists as Margaret Brundage. To this degree, I turn to Juanita Hamel and Dorothy Dulin, as my Great War era heroes. Cordially, Morgan Wallace
I have an original piece of pen and ink by Juanita Hamel don't know much about it or what it goes for but I'd like to sell it. Email me at if you can help
I just found a beautiful framed composition that she illustrated in 1930. I am trying to figure out the history.
Post a Comment

Tuesday, December 03, 2013


News of Yore 1969: New Panel Pokes Fun at Suburban Housewife

by Don Maley, Editor & Publisher August 9 1969
When Mary Gauerke (nee Flanigan) was a wee lass, her father, Lon, got himself enmeshed in the sauerkraut business in Geneva, New York. Young Mary grew up never realizing there was anything funny about her father being the Irish Sauerkraut King. "But when he appeared on 'What's My Line?' years later," she now admits, "I finally thought it was funny."

But for years she's been seeing humor in other situations. Despite life's apparent grimness Mary Gauerke thinks that life can be beautifully funny — and since 1947 has been putting humor on paper with a fine brush dipped into black India ink. The petite housewife is a rarity — a female in an almost exclusively male profession: cartooning.

"I didn't know that cartooning was a man's world," she admits, "when I first started doing it soon after getting married in '47." Since then she has sold cartoons to Look, The New Yorker, Playboy, National Review, True, Family Circle and a variety of newspapers, including The New York Times, the Chicago Tribune, the Wall Street Journal and The National Observer.

After more than two decades of depicting life's humor for magazines Mary created a six-a-week panel cartoon called "The Alumnae," which is being distributed by The Register and Tribune Syndicate. The well-drawn and completely contemporary panel pokes fun at distaffers. "The theme of the panel," explains Mary, "revolves around the diverse activities of four women with contrasting personalities. DeEtte, the youngest, is a caricature of youthful, frivolous femininity who lives only to be dressed up. The avant-garde Magda keeps her ear to the ground for current fads in the arts, politics, and social problems. She is feverishly determined to stamp out middle-class values, which, in turn, are feverishly determined to stamp out Magda. Helen is a calico-kitchen housewife forever engaged in a losing—sometimes gaining—battle with a self-indulgent appetite. And Myra is the organizer and leader of the group—a somewhat officious club-woman always seeking outlets for her frustrated executives urges." The girls' husbands were originally drawn into the panels but were later excluded.

'Not Paper Dolls'

Mary says the flavor of her creation is contemporary. "The characters are not paper dolls," she says, "but are rather designed to suggest their real-life counterparts, especially to women readers, particularly those in the younger age groups."

Before signing with the Register and Tribune Syndicate Mary was turned down by two other major syndicates. "We saw a great potential in it," says Denny Allen, the syndicate's managing editor. "We felt it was well done and that it filled a void. Many affluent and educated people have moved to the suburbs and we find there isn't too much in the paper today for the typical suburban housewife. She's no dummy and deserves more than she's getting. We feel 'The Alumnae' should appeal to her." Allen, who was instrumental in signing the feature, feels it's "sophisticated and intelligently constructed." "Mary uses empathy in 'The Alumnae,'" he says, "and the whole thing is tied into our times. The art is fresh and the humor is thought-provoking." To date over 30 newspapers feel the same way and have signed the panel.

Universal Humor
Mary says her humor is universal and her panels are checked by the syndicate before being distributed. "If I can understand them anybody can," says Allen. But before the cartoons are sent to the syndicate Mary's husband, Carl, checks them. "He's deaf, dumb and blind to all art," she says, "but he's got good taste when it comes to my cartoons. I show him a batch of my latest ones and he picks the ones he thinks are best." Husband Carl is with the Mergenthaler Linotype Company where he is manager of their overseas sales division. "He's happy because I've signed with the syndicate," confesses Mary. "Now that I'm working he can retire and play with his weather machines." (Carl is a frustrated weatherman and has a gaggle of weather-checking instruments in the Gauerke's Tenafly, New Jersey home.)

Ideas for "The Alumnae" come from inside Mary's head. "They're exclusively mine," she says. She skims through most magazines and newspapers to see what's new in the world and draws "three or four months ahead." Taboo subjects are strictly taboo in her panels, although they are slowly meeting with approval elsewhere in the media. "If she draws a panel involving the Pill," says Allen, "someone is bound to complain to a newspaper editor somewhere. And if readers complain then the whole thing is ruined and we defeat our own purpose."

Crossword Addict
Dreaming up situations for her four girls to get into takes up most of her time. "I'm only a part-time housewife now," she admits, "and I work whenever I have a chance to get to my drawing board." Her studio is the biggest room in her three bedroom home. Besides her family and her cartooning she has another passion. "I'm a puzzle buff," says Mary, who is so proficient at crossword puzzles that she's one of the few people able to complete The New York Times crossword puzzle— a feat accomplished only by English professors. "It's really an addiction, one that's worse even than booze or heroin," she complains. Another complaint: "When you live in the New York area there are very few comics available now that most of the papers are gone."

Before getting married Mary studied art at Stevens College in Columbia, Missouri, and her son, Carl Jr., shows inherited artistic talent. "He'd be a good cartoonist," says his mother, "but he just can't sit still long enough to draw." Carl Jr., 20, is a sophomore at the University of South Carolina and brings his college chums home on weekends. "He just brought up a whole bunch of hippies," says Mary, "and I think some of them are planning to stay for the summer."


Do I smell burning brassiere? Honestly, this chick has one of the scariest-looking styles of the seventies. Oh, those faces....
Post a Comment

Monday, December 02, 2013


Obscurity of the Day: The Alumnae

 Mary Gauerke's The Alumnae was a daily panel distributed by the Register and Tribune Syndicate. It arrived on the scene in 1969, when women's roles and images in society were quickly shifting from the established June Cleaver model into the modern liberated and (almost) equal woman.

Gauerke chronicled that trip through her quartet of female characters. The iconic women represented various modern and traditional types, and Gauerke utilized them as she expertly straddled the fence in search of laughs. The Alumnae was never a women's lib feature, but neither was it anti-progress. It sought instead to find humor in all its characters. One day the panel could seem reactionary, the next practically hippie. This is impressive, as I get the impression that Gauerke herself may have been rather conservative (she seems to have been associated with the William F. Buckley/National Review crowd).

Although The Alumnae was not a big hit, it was probably in the 35-50 paper range, a pretty good showing considering that generally a middle-aged male features editor had to give it the thumbs-up to get in.

The panel debuted on September 8 1969, and ended April 24 1976.

Thanks to Cole Johnson for the samples!

More about Gauerke tomorrow.


Comments: Post a Comment

Sunday, December 01, 2013


Jim Ivey's Sunday Comics


I thought I'd heard 'em all too... let's see: "Shut up and deal." "I've had worse and I've had better." "Boatville gazette!" "Beat him with anything!" "This isn't a hand - it's a foot." "I got Trippeedoos!" "I've got Trippeedon'ts." "The only thing wild is the dealer." "That's why they call it guts, sir." "I missed my straight, and I missed my flush." and my personal favorite: "You win. Now deal 'em again."
A walking Holiday
Post a Comment

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?

Subscribe to
Posts [Atom]